8.) Balance on tilt boards or Bosu balls works all those “stabilizer muscles” that you are stressing with the unnatural tilt of the high heels. Besides your usual pedicure habits, include some massage or soft tissue treatment. One to two times a month massage can not only feel great but can really help rejuvenate and condition those feet and lower legs. Dr. Robert A. Weil is an Illinois sports podiatrist who hosts a weekly radio show, “The Sports Doctor” on WDCB 90.9 FM and writes for numerous newspapers and magazines. You can access previous radio shows and articles on his website at www.SPORTSDOCTORRADIO.com Hallux valgus is the medical term for a bunion, which is a condition that causes the big toe to turn inward toward the pinky toe. Once the condition progresses, a bump (bunion) develops on the metatarsal bone, or inside of the foot around the big tone joint. The main cause of hallux valgus is shoes that do not fit correctly. According to the National Library of Medicine, 48 percent of the population suffers from the condition. The only corrective treatment for bunions is surgery and if your pain is severe and foot wear impossible your doctor may refer you to the hospital. You will be provided with a postop shoe for your comfort. Use the postop shoe when you are up. You may put weight on the heel of the shoe and use your crutches as necessary. Elevate the foot at heart level or above. For the first 5-7 days after surgery avoid having the foot dependent. Try and always have the foot elevated, at least up on a chair. The symptoms of tailor’s bunions include redness, swelling, and pain at the site of the enlargement. These symptoms occur when wearing shoes that rub against the enlargement, irritating the soft tissues underneath the skin and producing inflammation. Sort your kitchen out too so you don’t have to reach for things as well. Standing on tip toe is not going to happen for a few weeks! If necessary get yourself a pole or grabber of some description to reach up to windows if you need to open or close them. I guess this bit depends on how much help you will have during your recuperation period. I have been very lucky and have had my mother staying with me and giving me 24/7 support, but I know in many cases this level of support isn’t possible. The pronation associated with flat feet may contribute to many other problems in the foot or elsewhere. When the foot pronates excessively, the arch collapses , causing the knee to also roll inward. This may lead to knee pain due to the resultant uneven weight distribution at the knee joint. Similarly, the hip and lower back may also become painful as a result of abnormal function of the foot. Within the foot itself, the abnormal pronation results in hypermobility and instability of various joints. This often results in the development of bunions, hammertoes, heel pain and arthritis of the midfoot. It is recommended that this filing of dead skin is undertaken at least three times a week - preferably having initially been standing in the shower after the skin has softened a little. This procedure may also be performed while you are sitting on the edge of the bathtub after soaking your feet for a few minutes in ankle high wate. Try adding a cup of baking soda or vinegar to the tub and your feet will be even softer. Then dry your feet with a rough towelling and apply thick moisturizer. The medical term for a bunion is Hallux Valgus and it is one of the most common foot deformities. There is a genetic component to bunions but is typically just faulty foot mechanics like flat feet, which can be a big contributor to a bunion. However, an even larger contributor to the development of bunions is the footwear that is worn. For example, if you over-pronate, which is the rolling in of the foot at the ankle joint, you are already prone to bunions If you add tight shoes to this problem, you will most likely develop a painful bunion along with calluses and possibly a hammer toe.